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通用知識 General knowledge

IC卡、ID卡以及兩者的區別

發布時間:2015-12-08

  目前,感應式IC/ID卡隨著生產成本的下降及技術的成熟,已應用于眾多管理系統中,應用面越來越廣,其優越性越來越讓社會接受,許多單位、公司、智能小區或樓宇的發展商都要上一卡通的項目,但對于是采用IC卡,還是采用ID卡做一卡通的問題上,還存在著很大的疑惑和誤區。這里就談一下這兩種卡的兩個重大區別,以幫助大家走出誤區。
   IC卡與ID卡定義
   IC卡全稱集成電路卡(Integrated Circuit Card),又稱智能卡(Smart Card)。可讀寫,容量大,有加密功能,數據記錄可靠,使用更方便,如一卡通系統、消費系統、考勤系統等,目前主要有PHILIPS的Mifare系列卡。

   ID卡全稱身份識別卡(Identification Card),是一種不可寫入的感應卡,含固定的編號,主要有臺灣SYRIS的EM格式、美國HID、TI、MOTOROLA等各類ID卡。
   IC卡系統與ID卡系統的比較

   安全性:

   IC卡的安全性遠大于ID卡。ID卡內的卡號讀取無任何權限,易于仿制。IC卡內所記錄數據的讀取、寫入均需相應的密碼認證,甚至卡片內每個區均有不同的密碼保護,全面保護數據安全,IC卡寫數據的密碼與讀出數據的密碼可設為不同,提供了良好分級管理方式,確保系統安全。

   可記錄性:
   ID卡不可寫入數據,其記錄內容(卡號)只可由芯片生產廠一次性寫入,開發商只可讀出卡號加以利用,無法根據系統的實際需要制訂新的號碼管理制度。IC卡不僅可由授權用戶讀出大量數據,而且亦可由授權用戶寫入大量數據(如新的卡號、用戶的權限、用戶資料等),IC卡所記錄內容可反復擦寫。

   存儲容量:

ID卡僅僅記錄卡號;而IC卡(比如Philips mifare1卡)可以記錄約1000個字符的內容。


脫機與聯網運行:
   由于ID卡卡內無內容,故其卡片持有者的權限、系統功能操作要完全依賴于計算機網絡平臺數據庫的支持。而IC卡本身已記錄了大量用戶相關內容(卡號、用戶資料、權限、消費余額等大量信息),完全可以脫離計算機平臺運行,實現聯網與脫機自動轉換的運行方式,能夠達到大范圍使用、少布線的需求。

祥云彩票
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